MATTER-TIME: ARE MATTER AND TIME LINKED TOGETHER SIMILAR TO THE WAY THAT
SPACE AND TIME (SPACETIME)
It was late one sunny afternoon when I was sitting in my car looking out at an inland waterway not far from the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Lulled into a kind of daydream state, I was mesmerized by boats drifting, sailing, turning at anchor as clouds were rolling through, the tide was going out, and a gentle wind was blowing as the Sun was setting. I turned to look at the other horizon and a full moon was coming up.
Then it hit me -- it was one of those AHA moments: EVERYTHING IS IN MOTION. And I mean everything, from atoms that vibrate as electrons swirl around them, to blood cells and the breath in my body, to the turning and orbiting Earth, to the Sun that is moving within our galaxy, to the galaxy itself which is drifting toward our sister galaxy Andromeda, to the Universe which is expanding much faster than scientists previously thought. All of it is in motion. But that was just the start of my thoughts. This gave me an idea about time and physics.
Beyond Energy, Matter, Time and Space
But it is almost taken for granted that everything from physics to biology, including the mind, ultimately comes down to four fundamental concepts: matter and energy interacting in an arena of space and time. There are skeptics who suspect we may be missing a crucial piece of the puzzle.
Jul 22, 2014, The New York Times
George Johnson RAW DATA
Many major advances in science have come about when a scientist connected two things that were not related before. In Einstein's famous equation E = mc2, matter is converted into energy -- thus connecting the two. And then there is also the well-known story about Isaac Newton when he saw an apple fall to the ground and suddenly realized that the gravity which caused the apple to fall was the same force that allowed the Earth to orbit the Sun.
Which takes us to the idea of gravity itself which has never really been completely explained even by Einstein. And furthermore is incompatible with quantum physics.
WHAT IS GRAVITY?
(Quoted from Cosmos Magazine)
As Newton himself even wondered, how could a force work instantaneously at a distance even through the vacuum of space?
... Einstein...showed that space and time are not separate entities but rather a single four-dimensional continuum...[and] imagined it stretching through the universe like a fabric. Any object with mass, Einstein reasoned, would interact with the fabric of spacetime and cause distortions...
Gravity may be one of the fundamental forces of the universe, but it currently seems fundamentally incompatible with the others. While quantum field theory (QFT) succeeds in bringing together electromagnetism and the strong and weak nuclear forces, it struggles with ... general relativity.
EXPLAINER: WHAT IS GRAVITY?
Well, it's really quite simple. As I said everything, and I mean everything from the tiniest to the biggest is in motion. So all matter involves movement but movement can only exist in time because movement means that there is a change over time. Therefore time is not just the arena in which matter operates, time is part of matter. It is an essential element that makes up matter.
And where does this go? Since all matter contains time, then everything from a subatomic particle to a galaxy contains time.
While the following is highly speculative and frankly I am way over my head, here are some thoughts. This might be the bridge between the very large and the very small that physicists have been looking for: the link between quantum physics and Einstein's cosmology. A large object with a gravitational pull that bends space-time, for example, may also have its own time component -- which comes from its own matter-time field that is a product of all the atoms that are part of it. This body then interacts with Einstein's space-time. And we see this interaction as gravity. An understanding of matter-time at the quantum level and then the way that matter-time interacts and links together in larger structures might lead to a complete understanding from small to large.
When Galileo performed his inclined plane experiments to discover the nature of gravity, he thought originally that the critical element was distance. Yet it turned out to be time (time squared) or acceleration. His equations were perhaps the first in physics in which time was seen as a key part of the dynamics of objects.
Newton went one step further and developed calculus which could handle sophisticated situations with time such as an accelerating cannonball being fired high up into the air. "Calculus is the study of how things change...The fundamental idea of calculus is to study...changes over tiny intervals of time." And change requires time. (Quotes about calculus are from MIT).
Einstein took time two steps further. First, he made time the fourth dimension and also relative to the observer in the Special Theory of Relativity. And then he made time part of the fabric of the Universe with his concept of space-time as a field in the General Theory of Relativity.
In Einstein's General Relativity, space-time is a field that is bent by objects in the field which we perceive as gravity.
If we have missed part of the puzzle as Johnson said above, it might be because time is always with us and everywhere. It is so close and so much a part of us and everything we do, we don't notice it. However, everything exists in time, nothing exists outside of time.
the existence of water; it is too uniformly immersed in it...
What could a fish tell you about water? Probably not much. It lives in water, it is surrounded by water, it floats and moves in water; water is the world that it lives in -- so a fish is probably unaware of many of the properties of water. I doubt, for example, that it could understand the concept of being wet.
And so, like the fish, we live surrounded, but not by water but by time. There is no way out -- no way around it. While we work with it every day and every moment, we are so immersed in it, we have trouble grasping its complexities.
It has taken four hundred years, starting with Galileo to include a dynamic sense of time in our scientific view. Perhaps it is now time to take the next step.
To be honest, I am only an advanced amateur in these matters. But I have been studying Einstein and the stars since I was 13 when I also got an A in algebra. Later I in college I got A's in Calculus and also in a course in Modern Physics at UNC-Chapel Hill. And I took four semesters of a laboratory physics course. And recently I just finished writing and researching two 10k word eBooks on Galileo and Einstein for a client. Yet I don't pretend to understand Quantum Field Theory.
However, much of my work has a scientific bent and the study of time has been at the heart of my efforts.
In my own work, I have made a PowerPoint presentation based on Eames' Powers of Ten in which I presented photographic images from the furthest galaxies to subatomic particles -- photographs that were not available when Eames first made his animated film. And I have been writing this blog, DeconstructingTime, about time for five years now. In this blog, I have covered a number of scientific topics and presented a number of scientific ideas. For example, I have proposed that it can be proven scientifically that the Neolithic culture at the Newgrange Passage Tomb in Ireland built an accurate and sophisticated device that magnified the Sun's rays so that the device could indicate the day of the winter solstice in real time, which the Greeks and Romans could not do 3000 years later.
And I spent a summer reading and notating the wonderful, A History of Scientific Ideas by Charles Singer. So I might know more than the average bear, but probably not a lot more. Nevertheless, I will take a chance and put my ideas out there, because who knows...